Till the beginning of the 20th century, an immense agriculture and numerous livestock breeding exsited in Lluchmajor.During the first thirties Llucmajor was marked by a serie of occurrances, which brought an era of progress and development, together with a strong demographic increase. Later on, Llucmajor became renowned for the industry of footwear and is nowadays well situated in the hotel business, the manufacturing of sausages and liquors as well as the outstanding craftmanship of stone, iron and wood.
The name of Llucmajor is probably originated from the latn LUCUS MAIORIS, meaning major forest. Semantically, most likely the village of Llucmajor was situated in a big forest. This seems to be the the only accepted theory.
The prehistoric entity of Capocorb Vell, in the south of the municipality, is the island´s best known exponent of the Bronce Age. Within the prehistoric exploration it is one of the most important localities of the Western Mediterranian, due to it´s state of conservation. It also was one of the first places of Majorca, that has been excavated and studied, being one of the most extensive.
Until the arrival of Christianity, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans left their traces in Llucmajor.The only existing testimony of those times is a fragmented tombstone, which was found in the Marina. This tombstone holds one single word, referring to the place name of "Egnatuleia".
After several intents of conquest, in the year 902, the island of Majorca came under arabian domain and an era of growth and prosperty began. Llucmajor was considered to being an arabian village, belonging to the municipality of Montuïri.
On 31st of December 1229, the island of Mallorca was conquered by King Jaume I, iniciating a further period of prosperty. i Afterwards,in the year1300, his son Jaume II founded the village of Llucmajor.
The decadency of the kingdom of Majorca Mallorca culminated in the most important milestone of our history, the Battle of Llucmajor, which took place on the 25th of October 1349. Herein, Jaume III, the last King of Majorca, lost his life and more, his kingdom, which then was annexed to the Kingdom of Aragón.
A hundred years later, in 1543, the emperor Carlos V approved to Llucmajor the royal previlege, which comprised the rights of celebrating fairs from September 29th till October 18th as well as a weekly market every wednesday.
From the 15th to the 18th century the southern coast of Majorca was in steady threat of corsair expeditions, which didn't allow any rest to the defenders of the majorcan coasts. Nowadays, the towers of defence and surveillance (Talaies) of S'Estelella, Cap Blanc, Cap Enderrocat and Cala Pi still are the latent witnesses of those battles.
By Royal Decrete of October 3rd 1916, King Alfonso XIII approved to Llucmajor to entitle itself as a city. In the same year, the new municipal market and the railway from Palma to Santanyi were inaugurated with a station in Llucmajor. Also, on November 25th 1916, the first electricity-center "El Porvenir" was founded, which allowed a pubilc electric lighting of the city.